Common causes of infections of the vagina include Yeast infections, sometimes known as “thrush”, and are the result of an overgrowth of the candida albicans fungus. Although Candidiasis can occur throughout the body, the infection is prone to occur in warm, moist areas, such as the mouth. In particular, vaginal yeast infections occur when yeast, which already exists within the vagina in small amounts, overgrows, resulting in an infection. Vaginal yeast infections are actually quite common, occurring in as many as 75 % of vagina owners throughout their lifetime. Shifting from oral or anal sex to vaginal sex can initiate the spread of bacteria and cause an infection and this can happen intentionally or unintentionally and both partners may be unaware of such cross contamination.Fecal bacteria could theoretically be spread from the anus to the vagina in this way. When a partner has thrush, which is a yeast overgrowth or infection in the mouth, and they have oral sexual contact near your vagina, then this could very well cause a yeast infection, since that yeast is being spread into your vaginal area. The use of harsh soap, deodorant sprays, douches and washes are also common causes for yeast infections. This is because the vaginal area is very delicate tissue, and many chemical based products, even those that say they are mild, can be irritating to the tissue.
Another common cause for yeast infections is not keeping the vaginal area dry or clean enough. It’s important to wipe from front to back instead of back to front after stooling. You don’t want to spread any fecal bacteria to your vagina. Increased moisture or heat, such as on hot days, or when you wear clothing that causes sweating or moisture buildup can also be a cause. An example might be riding a motorcycle. Riding a motorcycle on a warm or hot day may cause excess moisture and heat in your vaginal area, making it a prime breeding ground for yeast and bacteria. There is a specific spermicidal lubricant that is found in some condoms that has been linked to an increased risk of yeast infections.
According to Michigan State University, the spermicide Nonoxynol-9 was linked to yeast infections. To avoid this risk, you can choose to use condoms that do not have spermicide. An allergic reaction to latex may cause symptoms similar to a yeast infection. This is one possible cause to look at especially if this is the first time you have used condoms. On the same note, an allergic reaction to some other ingredient or material used in the condom, a lubricant or spermicide can also be a cause for irritation that may mimic an infection. Even the incorrect use of a condom or sex toy can cause irritation in that area. They are also easy to treat, usually only requiring an antifungal cream, vaginal suppository, or oral medication. Typical treatments include a cream, ointment or suppositories.
Symptoms of vaginal yeast infections include burning, itching, redness around the vagina and / or vulva, pain when urinating, pain during sex, and a thick, white discharge like cottage cheese.
Many factors can raise the risk of yeast infections, such as stress, illness, lack of sleep, poor dietary habits, pregnancy, menstruation, hormonal changes, certain medications (such as oral contraception, antibiotics, and steroids ), autoimmune diseases, and poorly – controlled diabetes. You can help avoid vaginal yeast infections by practicing habits that result in a clean, healthy vagina. These habits include: Avoiding douches, which disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina, avoiding scented hygiene products, such as perfumed genital powders, sprays, pads, and tampons, which disrupt the vagina’s natural balance of bacteria and can result in irritation, especially in those with fragrance sensitivities. Changing pads often during one’s period because menstrual products can be a breeding ground for bacteria.
Changing pads often also helps prevent Toxic Shock Syndrome. After using the toilet, wipe front to back in order to prevent the spread of fecal bacteria into the vagina. Avoiding underwear made of synthetic fibers, which provide poor ventilation and trap moisture. Wearing cotton underwear and pantyhose with a cotton crotch which will allow one’s genitals to “breathe”.
Changing out of wet swimsuits and exercise clothes as soon as possible, because warm, moist body parts and clothing are perfect hosts for bacteria. When switching from anal sex to vaginal sex, always use condoms and changing condoms between acts to prevent the spread of harmful bacteria into the vagina. Unless the product is glycerin – free, steer clear of using flavored condoms and lubricants in / with a vagina. Glycerin (also termedglycerol ) is a sweetening agent that, when introduced to the vagina , can trigger yeast infections , especially among those who are prone to them .The mainstay in prevention of sexually transmitted infections is AB C.
Where A is total abstinence for unmarried couple which guarantees freedom from infections. B is be faithful to your partner if married. C is condom use. Still helpful, but does not guarantee freedom from infections.
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